Agriculture

Geita

The agriculture sector, as a whole in Tanzania has an annual growth rate of 6% and accounts for nearly half the GDP contribution, 70% of the rural household income, and absorbs 80% of the entire workforce. (TIC Investment Profile 2013-14). Suffice it to say that agriculture is the main investment opportunity in Geita region. The Government has introduced a specialist agricultural revolution initiative namely Kilimo Kwanza which has opened up infinite investment opportunities for interested parties.

 
Additionally, several reforms have been undertaken in this sector such as a review of land laws to allow for long term leases for foreign companies and redefining the role of government and private sector that allow for the latter to participate in production, processing, and public support functions. 
 
The Geita agricultural sector contributes more than 73% of the region’s GDP and more than 77% of the region labor force depends on agriculture for its earnings. It has favorable climatic conditions which allow the growth of a wide variety of both food and cash crops. The insignificant expansion of cultivatable area is attributed to inadequate application of modern agricultural methods. 
Shinyanga
The agriculture sector, as a whole in Tanzania has an annual growth rate of 6% and accounts for nearly half the GDP contribution, 70% of the rural household income, and absorbs 80% of the entire workforce. (TIC Investment Profile 2013-14). The Government has introduced a specialist agricultural revolution initiative namely Kilimo Kwanza which has opened up infinite investment opportunities for interested parties.
Additionally, several reforms have been undertaken in this sector such as a review of land laws to allow for long term leases for foreign companies and redefining the role of government and private sector that allow for the latter to participate in production, processing, and public support functions.
 
 As in many parts of Tanzania, agriculture is the backbone of Shinyanga economy and employees about 80 percent of the total labor force of the region. Despite its dominance in the regional economy, this sector is not well developed because of the poor farming methods which include the use of hand tool and reliance upon traditional rain-fed cropping methods and animal husbandry. To revamp this, there is a need of joint effort between the government and private sector – a Public Private Partnership initiative. Cereals are the main food crops in the region whilst maize being the dominant crop. Cotton, sunflower and tobacco are the main cash crops. 
Kagera
The agriculture sector, as a whole in Tanzania has an annual growth rate of 6% and accounts for nearly half the GDP contribution, 70% of the rural household income, and absorbs 80% of the entire workforce. (TIC Investment Profile 2013-14). Suffice it to say that agriculture is the main investment opportunity in Kagera region. The Government has introduced a specialist agricultural revolution initiative namely Kilimo Kwanza which has opened up infinite investment opportunities for interested parties.
 
In Kagera region, there is a favourable climatic and weather conditions which enables traditional cash crops and food crop  farming such as Coffee, Tobbacco, Cotton, Tea, Sugarcane, Spices, Maize, Bananas, Beans, Cassava, sunflower, vanilla, fruits, and vegetable to grow well in an arable and fertile land with  irrigation potential from  River Kagera  and Lake Victoria basin. These crops are plenty in stock and can be used for the cross border or inter-regional trade. 
Mwanza
The agriculture sector, as a whole in Tanzania has an annual growth rate of 6% and accounts for nearly half the GDP contribution, 70% of the rural household income, and absorbs 80% of the entire workforce. (TIC Investment Profile 2013-14). Suffice it to say that agriculture is the main investment opportunity in Mwanza region. The Government has introduced a specialist agricultural revolution initiative namely Kilimo Kwanza which has opened up infinite investment opportunities for interested parties.
Additionally, several reforms have been undertaken in this sector such as a review of land laws to allow for long term leases for foreign companies and redefining the role of government and private sector that allow for the latter to participate in production, processing, and public support functions. Mwanza has enormous water resources potential; with 53.25% of its area being lake Victoria. Water for irrigation can be obtained from the lake and from the river basins that feed into the lake.
Potential land under irrigation in Mwanza is approximately 39411 hectares of which only 1,429 (3.93%) hectares are under irrigation farming at present . This provides for high agricultural investment opportunities such as importing modern and efficient farming equipment, providing training on modern farming techniques eg. appropriate use of irrigation technology, and  initiation of modernized irrigation farming projects. 
Mara
The agriculture sector, as a whole in Tanzania has an annual growth rate of 6% and accounts for nearly half the GDP contribution, 70% of the rural household income, and absorbs 80% of the entire workforce. (TIC Investment Profile 2013-14). Suffice it to say that agriculture is the main investment opportunity in Mara region. The Government has introduced a specialist agricultural revolution initiative namely Kilimo Kwanza which has opened up infinite investment opportunities for interested parties.
 
About 90% of residents of Mara region depend on agriculture as a main source of their livelihood.  Agriculture contributes about 60% of the region’s GDP.  Crops grown in the region include:  Cassava, maize, sorghum, finger millet, paddy, beans and sweet potatoes. Cotton is the principal cash crop grown in all the region’s districts in various proportions. Coffee, sunflower and groundnuts are grown to a lesser extent. Coffee is grown mainly in Tarime district. Bunda, Musoma and Rorya districts are generally prone to food deficiencies.